Sexually Transmitted Diseases Dubai DRHC

Painful Penile Rash - Sexually Transmitted Infection Test in Dubai DRHC

Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) is one of a family of herpes viruses, which includes HSV 1 and HSV 2, varicella zoster virus (VZV), Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), cytomegalovirus (CMV) and human herpes virus 6.

HSV 1 and HSV 2 cause patterns of disease that differ clinically and epidemiologically, but share some characteristics.

HSV 1, HSV 2 and herpes zoster all establish permanent latency in sensory nerve following the primary infection.

HSV 1 is more common and is usually acquired during childhood presenting most commonly as acute gingivostomatitis, but can occur anywhere on the skin. In the eye, keratoconjunctivitis is a feared infection because it can cause scarring of the cornea and loss of vision.

HSV 2 is largely associated with genital infection and is most common in young, sexually active adults. The risk of infection increases with number of sexual partners. Transmission is by vaginal, oral or anal sex. Condoms reduce the risk of transmission. The infection appears at the site of virus entry, on the glans penis or penile shaft in men, or on the vulva or vaginal mucosa in women. Perianal and rectal lesions can develop as a result of anal intercourse. Primary herpes simplex infections have an incubation period of 3-6 days but this may be longer.

During the first attack, there may be a tingling and burning over the affected area.

  • The rash is vesicular, often occurring in crops,
  • After a day, the vesicles leave small red, painful ulcers. These heal within a few days.
  • There may be associated fever, myalgia and local lymphadenopathy.
  • The first (primary) attack lasts around two weeks.
  • Recurrence occurs in about 50% and may be associated with shooting pains in the buttocks and legs.
  • Recurrences often occur at times of stress and tiredness. Systemic manifestations are uncommon.




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