Neurology is a branch of medicine that deals with the management of disorders related to the brain, spinal cord, nerves, and muscles. All the sensations we receive and all our body activities are controlled by the nervous system.
Headache is the most common neurological problem for neuro consultation. There are several different causes of headaches, ranging from migraines to the most serious ones like bleeding or clots in the brain.
Momentary loss of consciousness is another common reason to visit a neurologist and on evaluation, we can zero in on the cause like syncope/epilepsy and plan treatment accordingly.
Stroke is a serious neurological disease and can happen due to blockage in a blood vessel due to clots or bleeding in the brain. Early diagnosis and prompt management can save lives and avoid serious disability.
Spinning sensation or vertigo results from various causes like ear fluid imbalance, or some inflammation/tumour/ stroke in the region of the brain controlling balance. Early differentiation among the causes can avoid serious consequences.
Numbness or tingling in one or more extremities is another common reason for seeking a neurologist consultation. Patients may need specialized tests like nerve conduction studies to find the cause of it and plan treatment.
Parkinson’s disease can present with shaking in limbs, slowness of movements, stiffness in the body, and balance issues. There are several Parkinson’s-like disorders that also can present similarly.
Memory disorder is another domain of neurologists and patients can be helped with early diagnosis and treatment to lead a relatively independent life.