DRHC Dubai Urology Clinic

Kidneys: Body's Filtration System
-Dubai Urology Clinic DRHC

The kidneys are remarkable organs located on either side of the spine, just below the ribcage. Shaped like beans, these fist-sized organs play a crucial role in maintaining the body's internal balance and overall health. Let's delve deeper into their functions and importance.

Functions of the Kidneys:

  • Filtration: The kidneys act as the body's filtration system, processing about 200 quarts of blood daily to remove waste products and excess fluids. This waste is then eliminated from the body in the form of urine.

  • Fluid and Electrolyte Balance: By regulating the amount of water and electrolytes (such as sodium, potassium, and calcium) in the body, the kidneys help maintain proper fluid balance, blood pressure, and pH levels.

  • Red Blood Cell Production: The kidneys produce erythropoietin, a hormone that stimulates the bone marrow to produce red blood cells. This process ensures an adequate supply of oxygen to tissues and organs.

  • Blood Pressure Regulation: Specialized cells in the kidneys help control blood pressure by releasing hormones that narrow or widen blood vessels as needed. This helps maintain stable blood pressure levels.

  • Acid-Base Balance: The kidneys play a crucial role in regulating the body's acid-base balance by excreting acids or bases into the urine, thus keeping the blood pH within a narrow range.

Common Kidney Conditions:

  • Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD): A progressive condition where the kidneys gradually lose function over time, often due to conditions like diabetes or high blood pressure.
  • Kidney Stones: Hard mineral deposits that form in the kidneys and can cause severe pain when passing through the urinary tract.
  • Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs): Bacterial infections that affect the kidneys, bladder, or urethra, leading to discomfort and potential complications if not treated promptly.
  • Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): A genetic disorder characterized by the growth of cysts on the kidneys, which can impair kidney function and lead to complications.


The kidneys are vital organs responsible for filtering waste, regulating fluid balance, producing hormones, and maintaining overall health. Understanding their functions and recognizing signs of kidney-related conditions is crucial for preserving kidney health and well-being. If you have concerns about your kidney health, consult a healthcare professional for evaluation and guidance.

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DRHC urology clinic in Dubai has treatment for Kidney Stones and all kinds of urinary problems.