Overweight & Obesity- Dubai Endocrinology Clinic

Definition: Overweight and obesity are defined as abnormal or excessive fat accumulations that are dangerous to one's health.


  1. The first step to determine the degree of obesity is calculating the Body Mass Index (BMI)

    BMI  =  body weight (in kg)  ÷  height (in meters) squared

    Underweight – <18.5 kg/m2

    Normal weight – ≥18.5 to 24.9 kg/m2

    Overweight – ≥25.0 to 29.9 kg/m2

    Obesity – ≥30 kg/m2:

    > Class I – 30.0 to 34.9 kg/m2

    > Class II – 35.0 to 39.9 kg/m2

    > Class III – ≥40 kg/m2

  2. In addition to measuring BMI, waist circumference should be measured to assess for abdominal obesity.
    A waist circumference of ≥102 cm for males and ≥88 cm for females is considered elevated.


Calculate your BMI:

BMI Calculator

Causes and risk factors:

  • Lifestyle: energy intake exceeding energy expenditure, sedentary lifestyle, physical inactivity, short sleep duration, smoking cessation
  • Excessive weight gain during pregnancy
  • Medications associated with weight gain: antipsychotic agents, antidepressants, corticosteroids, oral antidiabetic agents such as sulfonylureas, meglitinides and thiazolidinediones, and insulin therapy.
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Cushing’s syndrome
  • Hypothalamic obesity
  • Growth hormone deficiency

Health consequences:

  • Diabetes mellitus
  • Hypertension
  • Hyperlipidemia
  • Coronary artery disease
  • Stroke
  • Venous stasis and thrombosis
  • Endometrial cancer, colon cancer, breast cancer..
  • Osteoarthritis
  • GERD
  • Infertility
  • Asthma
  • Depression
  • Increased risk of infection


  • Dietary Therapy
  • Exercise: 30 minutes or more, 5 to 7 days per week
  • Medical therapy : liraglutide, semaglutide, orlistat
  • Devices: intragastric balloon, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding
  • Bariatric surgery


Dubai Endocrinology Clinic - Dr. Rami Hamed Center now provides the best endocrinologist in Dubai for Obesity, Diabetes, metabolism and so on.