Pre-menstrual Disorder, Syndrome, and Dysphoric Disorder - DRHC Dubai Psychiatry Clinic

Every woman experiences emotional changes with the monthly cycles. Most women can relate to the euphoric, optimistic, confident phase in the first part of the cycle, with gradual dampening of mood and energy levels as the cycle progresses toward the second part of the month. Most of these emotional and psychological changes are seen despite normal hormonal levels.

Nearly 80% of women in the reproductive age group experience premenstrual syndrome (PMS). PMS is a broader clinical category in which women experience psychological symptoms (anger outbursts, irritability, disinterest in social activities, depression) and physical symptoms (abdominal bloating, nausea, headaches, joint or muscle pains, weight gain), that are relieved following cessation of periods

Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS):

PMS refers to a wide range of physical, emotional, and behavioral symptoms that occur in the days or weeks before menstruation and typically improve within a few days after the period starts. Symptoms can include bloating, breast tenderness, mood swings, irritability, and fatigue. PMS is common, with up to 75% of menstruating individuals experiencing some symptoms.

Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD):

PMDD is a more severe form of PMS characterized by significant mood disturbances and other symptoms that interfere with daily life. Symptoms of PMDD can include severe depression, anxiety, irritability, and tension, as well as physical symptoms like bloating and breast tenderness. PMDD affects a smaller percentage of menstruating individuals, estimated to be around 3-8%.

Premenstrual Disorder (PMD):

PMD is a term sometimes used to encompass both PMS and PMDD, referring to any significant symptoms that occur before menstruation and impact daily functioning.

Women suffering from PMDD experience marked and severe depression, anxiety, hopelessness, low self-esteem, frequent anger or irritable outbursts, and marked changes in sleep and appetite. These women also experience extreme lethargy, concentration difficulties, and reduced interest in usual activities leading to frequent interpersonal conflicts and affecting their academic/ work performance.

The exact causes of these conditions are not fully understood but are thought to be related to hormonal changes that occur during the menstrual cycle. Treatment options can include lifestyle changes, such as regular exercise and a healthy diet, as well as medications like antidepressants, hormonal treatments, and supplements. Counseling or therapy may also be beneficial for managing symptoms. If you're experiencing significant symptoms before your period, it's a good idea to speak with a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate management plan.

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If you have been experiencing such symptoms periodically every month, it is essential that you don’t dismiss them and seek help. Proper psychological support and medications (if required) can help you deal with them and make life easier for you.


If you are experiencing any signs and symptoms of a Pre-menstrual Disorder, Syndrome, and Dysphoric Disorder, please don't hesitate to contact our best psychiatrist in Dubai at the Dr Rami Hamed Center, Call +97142798200 to Schedule Your Appointment Today. We have the best psychiatry doctor, and our psychiatry clinic is situated in Dubai Healthcare City.


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