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Age-Related Macular Degeneration - Dubai Eye Clinic

Age-Related Macular Degeneration: 

Age-related macular degeneration, commonly referred to as AMD, is a progressive condition that primarily affects individuals over the age of 50. It is a leading cause of vision loss and can have a significant impact on one's quality of life. Age-related macular degeneration is a leading cause of visual impairment and blindness in old people elder than 65. It affects the retina which is the light-sensitive area of the eye.

Two main types of AMD:

This includes wet AMD and dry AMD. Wet AMD occurs when abnormal blood vessels start growing beneath the macula, leaking fluid and causing damage to the retinal cells. On the other hand, dry AMD is characterized by a gradual deterioration of the macula due to a buildup of drusen, yellow deposits under the retina.

The early stage of AMD:

Individuals may not experience any noticeable vision changes or symptoms at first. However, regular eye exams can help detect early signs such as small drusen or pigment changes in the macula. It's crucial to monitor these changes as they can progress into late-stage AMD.

Late stage of AMD:

Late-stage AMD is further categorized into two subtypes: geographic atrophy (GA) and neovascular or exudative AMD. Geographic atrophy involves a gradual loss of retinal cells in specific areas of the macula, leading to blind spots in one's central vision. Neovascular or exudative AMD refers to abnormal blood vessel growth beneath the macula, which can cause severe vision loss if left untreated.

Symptoms of AMD:

  • Distortion of vision (straight lines appear wavy)
  • Blurring of vision 
  • Loss of central vision (Appear blank)

Treatment of AMD:

Depending on the type of AMD, treatment varies from close follow-up and monitoring to intravitreal injections (inside the eye)


At Dr. Rami Hamed Center, our Ophthalmology department is dedicated to safeguarding your vision health through expert eye care Professionals, Renowned as one of the best eye care clinics in Dubai our Ophthalmology Specialists provide services for Cataract, Retina treatment with Laser and Refractive surgeries.