DRHC Dubai Proctology Clinic

Anal Fissure - Dubai Hemorrhoids Clinic

An anal fissure is a common disease that affects people of all ages.

An anal fissure is a tear of the anal skin that cause itching, discomfort, bleeding, and dull pain during and after defecation.

It can be acute or “short-term”, which heals by itself in a few days, and chronic or “long-term” with no healing in 12 weeks.

When a patient has a chronic anal fissure and proper medical therapy has been already attempted, surgery is advised. DRHC offers advanced anal fissure treatment in Dubai.


What causes an anal fissure?

Anal fissures can be caused by:

  • Passage of large and/ or hard stool
  • Repeated diarrhea
  • Childbirth can also cause trauma to the anal canal
  • Prolonged muscular spasm

In fact, the extra tension in the two muscular rings (sphincters) controlling the anus may cause fissures as well. The outer anal sphincter is under your conscious control but the inner sphincter is not. This muscle is under pressure or tension, all of the time for keeping the anal canal closed. If the pressure increases too much, it can cause spasms and reduce blood flow to the anus, leading to a fissure. This pressure can also prevent the fissure from healing. 


What are the symptoms?

    • A sharp burning pain during bowel movements, lasting from a few minutes to several hours after a bowel movement
    • Anal bleeding normally is a small spot of bright blood on toilet tissue or drops in the toilet bowl. The blood from a fissure is separate from the stool, not mixed with it
    • Anal itching and peri-anal skin irritation
    • Sentinel polyp – if the anal fissure is left untreated, a small skin tag called – “sentinel polyp” will at the apex of the fissure, it can reach a large size and becomes noticeable by the patient
    • The feeling of a partial blockage in the anus. The fissure irritates the muscle that is reacting with involuntary spasms which make it physically difficult to pass stool.
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Treatment for anal fissure:

Initially, medical therapy with special local ointment, stool softener, and painkillers is attempted.

If the fissure is not healing in 3 months and scar tissue is forming, then surgery is the only way to guarantee healing for the patient.

Normally, surgical Fissurectomy is the only necessary treatment. Contextual sentinel polyp asportation is mandatory.

In more advanced cases, anal flap fashioning is necessary in order to make the fissure heal correctly.

In the few cases where the muscle spasm is the main causative component, a little incision on the inner sphincter might be necessary which is called Lateral Sphincterotomy, always taking utmost care to safeguard the continence.

In Some Cases, Botox Injections for Anal fissures are a successful treatment for pain caused by muscular spasms in various areas of the body including the anal sphincter.

All the procedures are performed with minimally invasive techniques, allowing the patient to be operated on in a Day Surgery setting, with minimal pain and a quick return to daily activities.

Lateral sphincterotomy:

The main etiology of chronic anal fissures is the internal sphincter spasm. Therefore, the goal of treatment for this medical situation is to lessen internal sphincter hypertonia by making a tinny incision in internal sphincter fibers.

Sphincter hypertonia is diagnosed by Anorectal manometry which is used to measure the pressure, reflex, and sensation of the anal and rectum muscles. lateral internal sphincterotomy is the most popular surgical method for treating chronic anal fissures, with excellent healing outcomes

It reduces sphincter hypertonia, which is the primary etiological factor in the onset of chronic anal fissures.

Advantages of lateral sphincterotomy:

  • Short time procedure
  • Excellent healing rate 95-99%
  • Day case surgery
  • Fast recovery.

Click here for Proctology Surgery Packages

The proctologist at the proctology clinic at our center provides the best diagnosis of hemorrhoids, hemorrhoid treatment, hemorrhoidectomy, and  Laser Surgery for hemorrhoids. Call us at DRHC to book your appointment at +97142798200