Thoracic & General surger

Pulmonary TB in Dubai at DRHC

Overview:

Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) is a contagious bacterial infection primarily affecting the lungs, caused by the bacterium Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It is a significant public health concern due to its potential for rapid spread and serious health complications if not diagnosed and treated promptly.

Symptoms:

Symptoms of pulmonary TB may develop gradually over weeks or months and can include:

  • Persistent cough lasting more than three weeks
  • Chest pain
  • Coughing up blood (hemoptysis)
  • Fatigue and weakness
  • Weight loss
  • Fever and night sweats
  • Loss of appetite

Transmission:

Pulmonary TB spreads through airborne particles when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or speaks. Close and prolonged contact with an infected individual increases the risk of transmission.

Diagnosis:

Accurate and early diagnosis is crucial for effective treatment and control of TB. Diagnostic methods include:

  • Tuberculin Skin Test (TST): Also known as the Mantoux test, where a small amount of tuberculin is injected under the skin and checked for a reaction.
  • Interferon-Gamma Release Assays (IGRAs): Blood tests that measure the immune system’s response to TB bacteria.
  • Chest X-ray: To detect changes in the lungs indicative of TB.
  • Sputum Tests: Microscopic examination and culture of sputum samples to identify TB bacteria.
  • Molecular Tests: PCR-based tests that detect TB bacteria’s genetic material.

Treatment:

Pulmonary TB is treatable with a combination of antibiotics over an extended period, typically 6-9 months. The most common regimen includes:

  • Initial Phase: Two months of isoniazid, rifampin, pyrazinamide, and ethambutol.
  • Continuation Phase: Four to seven months of isoniazid and rifampin.

Strict adherence to the treatment regimen is essential to prevent the development of drug-resistant TB.

Prevention:

Preventing the spread of pulmonary TB involves several strategies:

  • Vaccination: The Bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) vaccine provides some protection, particularly in children.
  • Infection Control: Implementing airborne precautions in healthcare settings, including isolation of infected patients.
  • Public Health Measures: Prompt identification and treatment of active TB cases and screening of high-risk populations.
  • Education: Raising awareness about TB transmission and encouraging early medical consultation for symptoms.

Pulmonary TB FAQs

1. What is pulmonary TB?

Pulmonary TB is a bacterial infection caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis that primarily affects the lungs. It is a contagious disease that can spread through airborne particles when an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks.

2. Is pulmonary TB curable?

Yes, pulmonary TB is curable with proper and timely treatment. It is essential to complete the entire course of antibiotics to ensure full recovery and prevent drug resistance.

3. What happens if TB treatment is not completed?

Incomplete treatment can lead to the development of drug-resistant TB, which is more difficult to treat and requires longer, more complex treatment regimens.

4. How can the spread of pulmonary TB be prevented?

Prevention strategies include vaccination with the BCG vaccine, implementing infection control measures in healthcare settings, early diagnosis and treatment of active TB cases, and public education about TB transmission and symptoms.

5. Who is at higher risk for pulmonary TB?

Higher risk groups include people with weakened immune systems (e.g., those with HIV/AIDS), close contacts of TB patients, healthcare workers, individuals living in crowded conditions, and those with a history of substance abuse.

6. Can children get pulmonary TB?

Yes, children can get pulmonary TB, especially if they are in close contact with an infected person. The BCG vaccine is often given to children in countries where TB is common to provide some protection against the disease.

7. What should I do if I suspect I have pulmonary TB?

If you suspect you have pulmonary TB, seek medical attention immediately. Early diagnosis and treatment are crucial to manage the disease and prevent its spread to others.


Why Choose DRHC Dubai for TB Care:

At DRHC Dubai, we offer comprehensive care for pulmonary TB, including advanced diagnostic facilities, expert medical consultation, and personalized treatment plans. Our multidisciplinary team ensures that each patient receives the highest quality care in a supportive and safe environment.

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