Sjögren's Syndrome at Rheumatology DRHC Dubai

Sjögren's syndrome is a chronic autoimmune disease that primarily affects the glands that produce tears and saliva, leading to dry eyes and mouth. It is a complex condition that occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the body's own tissues, leading to inflammation and damage. At Dr. Rami Hamed Medical Center, Dubai, our expert rheumatologist specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of Sjögren's syndrome. We are committed to providing our patients with personalized care and effective treatment options to help them manage their condition and improve their quality of life.

Causes of Sjögren's Syndrome:

The exact cause of Sjögren's syndrome is not known, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and hormonal factors. Sjögren's syndrome occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the glands that produce tears and saliva, leading to inflammation and damage. Several factors can increase the risk of developing Sjögren's syndrome, including:

  • Gender: Sjögren's syndrome is more common in women than men.
  • Age: Sjögren's syndrome can occur at any age, but it is most commonly diagnosed in women over the age of 40.
  • Family history: Having a family history of Sjögren's syndrome or other autoimmune diseases increases the risk of developing the condition.
  • Ethnicity: Sjögren's syndrome is more common in people of Northern European descent.
  • Hormonal factors: Hormonal changes, such as those that occur during menopause, can trigger Sjögren's syndrome in some people.
  • Environmental factors: Exposure to certain environmental factors, such as viruses and bacteria, can trigger Sjögren's syndrome in some people.

Symptoms of Sjögren's Syndrome:

The symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome can vary from person to person and may come and go over time. Common symptoms of Sjögren's syndrome include:

  • Dry eyes, which can lead to a gritty or burning sensation
  • Dry mouth, which can lead to difficulty swallowing, speaking, or tasting
  • Fatigue and tiredness
  • Joint pain and swelling
  • Skin rash
  • Vaginal dryness
  • Dry cough
  • Enlarged salivary glands

Diagnosis of Sjögren's Syndrome:

Sjögren's syndrome is diagnosed using a combination of medical history, physical examination, blood tests, and other diagnostic tests. These tests can help determine the type and severity of Sjögren's syndrome and guide treatment. Lip biopsy is a diagnostic procedure commonly used in the diagnosis of Sjögren's Syndrome. During a lip biopsy, a small piece of tissue is removed from the inner lip and examined under a microscope to look for signs of inflammation and damage to the salivary glands. This procedure can help confirm the presence of Sjögren's Syndrome and determine the extent of glandular involvement, aiding in the development of an appropriate treatment plan.

Treatment of Sjögren's Syndrome:

Treatment for Sjögren's syndrome depends on the specific symptoms and how severe the condition is. Treatment options may include:

  • Medications: Several medications are available to help manage symptoms and reduce inflammation.
  • Lifestyle changes: Eating a healthy diet, drinking plenty of water, and avoiding smoking and excessive alcohol consumption can help manage Sjögren's syndrome symptoms.
  • Supportive care: Eye drops, artificial tears, and other supportive measures can help manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

If you are concerned about Sjögren's syndrome or are experiencing symptoms of the condition, it is important to see a rheumatologist for a proper diagnosis and treatment. Contact us today to schedule an appointment and take the first step towards better health and wellness.


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