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Chlamydia Trachomatis

Chlamydia is a sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by the bacterium Chlamydia trachomatis. The disease affects men and women, occasionally can affect different areas of the body such as the genitals, the rectum, eyes and throat.

Symptoms:

Chlamydia infection is also called "silent" because most of the people who contract expressed no significant symptoms.

In women, genital chlamydia infection does not always generate symptoms. It can appear after 1-3 weeks or after several months, or occur only after the infection has spread to other parts of the body.

Some women may experience:

  • Cystitis (pain while urinating)
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Pain in the lower abdomen
  • Pain and / or bleeding during sexual intercourse
  • Bleeding after intercourse
  • Blood loss in the interval between periods or heavy periods

If not treated properly, the chlamydial infection can spread to the uterus and develop pelvic inflammatory disease (PID), which is the most common cause of infertility, ectopic pregnancies and miscarriages. Other possible complications include:

  • inflammation of the cervix (cervicitis)
  • inflammation of the fallopian tubes
  • Inflammation of Bartholin glands

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Some men may notice:

  • loss a white liquid or watery, from the penis
  • pain while urinating
  • testicular pain

Men may manifest mild symptoms that disappear after two or three days. There is the risk of complications such as reactive arthritis. Other complications include urethritis and epididymitis

The possible spread of chlamydia includes the rectum, eyes and throat, in the case of anal and oral sex.

Causes:

You can contract the chlamydial infection through:

  • Unprotected vaginal sex
  • Unprotected anal sex
  • Unprotected oral sex
  • Genital contact with an infected partner
  • Sharing sex objects, if they are not washed or not using condoms.

It is unclear whether the Chlamydia infection can be spread through infected semen or vaginal fluid.

Chlamydia infection can be easily diagnosed through a simple vaginal swab or urine test. Once diagnosed, the infection can be treated with antibiotics. If taken properly, antibiotics have an efficiency of over 95% .If there is a high probability that there is an infection with Chlamydia, therapy should begin before receipt of the test results.

Prevention:

Using a condom every time you have vaginal or anal intercourse.

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