Otolarygology (ENT)

Dubai ENT Clinic

Understanding their causes, symptoms and treatment methods


  • Nasal polyps are the non-cancerous growths that develop on the lining of the nasal passages and sinuses.
  • These benign growths, which are generally shaped like teardrop, occur mostly in the area where the sinuses meet the nasal cavity.
  • These polyps are not painful to touch although they are commonly linked with allergies and asthma. The polyps have an uncertain etiology and often depict a tendency for recurrence.

Understanding the causes

  • The actual causes of nasal polyps are still unknown but they are generally known to develop amongst people suffering from long-term swelling and irritation within the nose, resulting from infections, allergies and asthma.
  • The long-term inflammation of the mucus membranes can lead to the build-up of fluid within them. This results in the formation of fluid-filled growths, which then gradually expand to become polyps.
  • The mature polyps are known to have the appearance of peeled grape. In addition, people with the following problems are likely to develop the nasal polyps:
    • Aspirin sensitivity
    • Asthma
    • Chronic sinus infections
    • Cystic fibrosis
    • Hay fever

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Symptoms of Nasal Polyps

The most common symptoms amongst patients, who might have developed nasal ployps are listed as follows:

  • Stuffy or blocked nose
  • Runny nose or postnasal drip
  • Facial pain and sneezing
  • Lost or weakened sense of smell and taste
  • Sinus pressure
  • Itching around the eyes
  • Infections and headache
  • Snoring at night

Treatment of Nasal Polyps

  • In most cases, the nasal polyps represent a challenging diagnosis for the doctors to treat. The small polyps often do not cause any symptoms or problems and hence can be left as such.
  • However, if the growths become too large, they might block the nasal passageways and sinus and lead to infection and breathing problems.
  • Hence their timely treatment becomes vital to avoid any further health complications.  The primary treatment for the growths involves the use of a nasal corticosteroid spray which generally causes the polyps to shrink or even eliminates them.
  • In more severe cases the patients might need to consume the corticosteroids orally for about a week.

Surgical Treatment

  • In case the nasal polyps are too large for the corticosteroid sprays to prove ineffective, then the patients might be required to undergo a surgery for getting them removed.
  • The surgery will generally be performed using a nasal telescope and the patients are most likely to be discharged on the same day of the surgery itself.
  • However, it is important for them to follow the post-operational precautions and instructions for a speedy and proper recovery.

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