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Colonoscopy

Colonoscopy is a very frequent procedure in the gastroenterology clinic  used to look at the inner lining of your large intestine (rectum and colon). We uses a thin, flexible tube called a colonoscope to look at the colon. A colonoscopy helps find ulcers, colon polyps, tumors and areas of inflammation or bleeding.

During a colonoscopy, tissue samples can be collected (biopsy) and abnormal growths can be taken out. Colonoscopy can also be used as a screening test to check for cancer or precancerous growths in the colon or rectum (polyps).

Uses of colonoscopy - 

A colonoscopy is recommended in the following cases to find the cause of unexplained symptoms such as - 

  • changes in your bowel activity
  • abdomenal pain
  • bleeding from the anus
  • unexplained weight loss

Colonoscopy is also a great  screening tool for colon polyps and cancer when particular risk factors are available. Screening mean searching for diseases before it becoms apparent or symptomatic to give better chance of fully cure the disease.

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Screening for Colon and Rectal Cancer

 Screening for colon and rectal cancer is recommended in our center at age 50 if you don’t have health problems or other factors that make you more likely to develop colon cancer

Risk factors for colorectal cancer include

  • Family history of polyps or cancer of the colon or rectum.
  • History of inflammatory bowel disease, such as ulcerative colitis and Crohn's disease
  • other factors, such as excessive weight or smoking.

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