Female pelvic floor diseases
Pelvic floor disorders (PFD) affect 1/3 of women and ½ of women aged > 55 years; moreover, 20% of women will undergo surgical treatment for PFD in their life.
Symptoms include: chronic constipation, incomplete evacuation, urinary incontinence and pelvic pain.
What is pelvic floor
Female pelvic floor is composed by muscles, ligaments, connective tissues and nerves that support bladder, uterus, vagina and rectum. These muscles support organs in your pelvis like a sling and help them to function properly. By contracting and relaxing these muscles, you control your bowel and bladder movements.
What is pelvic floor dysfunction
Pelvic floor dysfunction is due either to the prolapse of one of the pelvic organs (bladder and/or uterus and/or rectum) or to an inability to correctly control the pelvic muscles. In the latter case, people with pelvic floor dysfunction contract these muscles rather than relax them and cannot have a normal bowel movement, or just an incomplete one. In case of prolapse of one or more pelvic organs, the prolapse itself works as a mechanical obstacle and doesn’t allow feces to correctly proceed in the rectum with the same result of difficult or incomplete evacuation.
What causes pelvic floor dysfunction?
Traumatic of chronic injuries to the pelvic area, such as complications from vaginal childbirth, chronic constipation or wrong bowel habits can contribute to this condition.
What are the symptoms of pelvic floor dysfunction?
How is pelvic floor dysfunction diagnosed?
Your female physician will begin your exam by asking about your symptoms and taking a careful history. Questions she may ask include:
Next, she will do a physical examination to evaluate your ability to control your pelvic floor muscles and to detect eventual prolapsed organs.
If needed, especially when planning a surgical operation, the physician might prescribe you additional exams like defecating proctogram, endorectal ultrasound, rectal manometry or uroflow test.
How is pelvic floor dysfunction treated?
Pelvic floor dysfunction can often be successfully treated without surgery. Treatments for pelvic floor dysfunction include:
Don’t be embarrassed, pelvic floor dysfunction is a very treatable condition, usually though the use of biofeedback and habits changing!
At Dr Rami Hamed Center there is a delicate team made of woman doctor and nurses able to help you! They are able to provide treatment for this debilitating condition with the latest minimally invasive techniques and improve your quality of life!