Orthopedic - Joint Replacement
Improving the quality of life
- Hip replacement is a life changing surgical procedure that relief patients hip pain resulting from the various kinds of hip arthritis and thus helps in improving the quality of life of the patients after the surgery.
- During this surgery, the diseased cartilage of the ball and socket of the the hip joint is removed and replaced with an artificial joint which is usually made from materials of plastic and metal or ceramic.
Arthritis conditions account for 95% of hip replacements. This include:
- Osteoarthritis -
- Rheumatoid arthritis -
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What happens during the surgery?
- The surgeons make use of a minimally invasive technique, where they make 1 or 2 cuts of 2-5 inches length and uses these cuts for moving the hip muscles which are connected to the pelvis and thigh bone to exposed to the hip joint.
- Once the joint is exposed, the socket of the hip joint is prepared and also the femoral canal before inserting the prosthesis. the prosthesis vary as cemented or cementless as a method of fixation.
- then the articulation is inserted and adjusted, the bearing surfaces can be metal on plastic, ceramic on plastic or ceramic on ceramic and the choices are discussed with the patients according to the age, need and special anatomy in certain difficult cases.
Complication has become very minimal with the new advanced techniques. these include infection, bleeding, blood clot, dislocation, wear of the prosthesis. In general the rate of complication is 1-2 % and the joints is designed to live for 15-25 years.
Recovery and Rehabilitation process
- The patients are discharged from the hospital within 2 to 4 days and followed up in the clinic and have physiotherapy. The full recovery will take at least 4-6 month's time depending upon the overall health of the patient and the type of surgery performed.
Care at home after hip replacement surgery
Depending on the surgical approach, the patient will be advised about his posture, we use the anterio-latteral approach and we advise our patient not to cross legs and not to lay on their side for six weeks to avoid any dislocation.
- Keep the climbing of stairs to the minimum after the hip replacement surgery
- Try to sit in a straight and firm back chair
- Don't bend too much after the surgery
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