Urinary tract infections account for many hospital admissions, most often for pyelonephritis (infection in the Kidney) where infection in the kidney parenchyma damage the kidney function and can spread to the blood stream causing septicemia on serious occasions if not treated appropriately.
Ladies had a greater frequency than in men due to anatomical reasons. There is increased risk of infection following using urinary bladder catheter or instrumentation. The urinary infection is generally caused by gram negative bacteria in most of the cases.
Infection can be an ascending infection from the outside via the urinary tract. Also infection from blood stream can be the cause.
Classification of urological infections
The clinical presentation and treatment of different types of urinary tract infection varies on patient age and condition.