For intrarenal stones, the symptomatic patients suffer from severe recurrent renal colic. Medical treatment to get rid of the stones fail with stones sized from 0. 6 cm volume and above.
The treatment options out of the open surgical trend of removal are 3 options:
New progress in the endoscopes by using video chip at the tip results in better resolution and less sizes.
The latest innovation is by using the rebotics (Riboflex) . It adds more ease and fast disintegration. This technology is the up to date one best experience and lot of money is the limitation for its wide use.