Sleep Medicine Department at Dr.Rami Hamed Center
COMMON SLEEP DISORDERS
Insomnia is trouble falling asleep, staying asleep or to wake up in the middle of the night or early of the morning without the ability to go back to sleep.
Patients, who suffer from insomnia, wake up from sleep and remain inactive, and tired, which affects their performance during the day, the level of energy, mood, health, quality of work and quality of life.
Misconceptions about sleep:
- Average person needs four to nine hours of good quality sleep every 24 hours but the number of hours of sleep needed may vary individually.
- Many people believe that they need eight hours of sleep a day and if they increase the number of hours of sleep then it would be healthier however, this is not correct. For example, if you sleep for only five hours at night and feel very active the next day then you do not suffer from sleep problems.
- Some people attribute the lack of performance and failure in tasks of life to the lack of sleep, which leads to over-focus on the need to sleep for more hours and this focus, prevents the person from getting restful sleep at night and cause insomnia.
Forms of insomnia
- Acute or short-term insomnia: It is often caused by ongoing stress and tension. When the stressful situation eases up or the person adjusts to it, sleep usually return to normal.
- Chronic insomnia: occurs because of organic disease.
- Insomnia due to medications: that may include antidepressants, medicine to treat heart disease, blood pressure, allergies, and stimulants. It is known that caffeine-containing beverages are stimulants too.
- Insomnia due to psychiatric problem: When we talk about mental disorders, we do not mean that the patient is mentally ill or crazy, but rapid change in the lifestyle has predisposed individual to psychological pressure that may affect sleep negatively and cause insomnia.
- Insomnia associated with specific sleep disorders. Insomnia can be associated with specific sleep disorders, including restless legs syndrome (RLS), periodic limb movement disorder (PLMD), sleep apnoea, and circadian rhythm sleep disorders.
- Primary Insomnia: When other causes of insomnia are ruled out or treated, remaining difficulty with sleep may be classified as primary insomnia
- As many as one-third of patients seen in the primary care setting may experience occasional difficulties in sleeping, and 10 percent of those may have chronic sleep problems.
- About 30 to 40 percent of adults indicate some level of insomnia within any given year, and about 10 percent to 15 percent indicate that the insomnia is chronic and/or severe.
- The prevalence of insomnia increases with age and is more common in women.